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Giraffe

Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)The giraffe is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest living terrestrial animal.

The giraffe's chief distinguishing characteristics are its extremely long neck and legs, its horn-like ossicones (antler-like) protuberances, and its distinctive coat patterns.

The giraffe has an extremely elongated neck, which can be up to 2–2.4 m (6.6–7.9 ft) in length, accounting for much of the animal's vertical height. The long neck results from a disproportionate lengthening of the cervical vertebrae, not from the addition of more vertebrae. The neck vertebrae have ball and socket joints.

Giraffes usually inhabit savannahs, grasslands and open woodlands.

The Angolan giraffe can be found in desert environments. Giraffes browse on the twigs of trees, preferring trees of the subfamily Acacieae and the genera Commiphora and Terminalia, which are important sources of calcium and protein to sustain the giraffe's growth rate. They also feed on shrubs, grass and fruit.A giraffe eats around 34 kg (75 lb) of foliage daily. When stressed, giraffes may chew the bark off branches. Although herbivorous, the giraffe has been known to visit carcasses and lick dried meat off bones.giraffe 3